Помощь студентам, абитуриентам и школьникам.

Консультации и учебные материалы для разработки диссертации, дипломной работы ,курсовой работы, контрольной работы, реферата, отчета по практике, чертежа, эссе и любого другого вида студенческих работ.

Не успеваешь написать работу? Поможем!

Пример: Реферат
Morphological Categories.


ВУЗ, город:

МГУ (г.Москва)

Предмет: Английский язык

Реферат по теме:

Morphological Categories.

Страниц: 7

Автор: Ольга

2007 год

4 33
RUR 499
Внимание!
Это только выдержка из работы

Содержание

Table of content

1. Definition of morphology.

2. Paradigms and morphosyntax.

3. Morphological Categories.

3.1. Category of tense.

3.2. Category of number.

3.3. Category of Gender.

3.4. Category of state.

3.5. Category of voice.

Выдержка

2. Paradigms and morphosyntax.

A paradigm is the complete set of related word-forms associated with a given lexeme. The familiar examples of paradigms are the conjugations of verbs, and the declensions of nouns. Accordingly, the word-forms of a lexeme may be arranged conveniently into tables, by classifying them according to shared inflectional categories such as tense, mood, number, gender or case. For example, the personal pronouns in English can be organized into tables, using the categories of person (1st., 2nd., 3rd.), number (singular vs. plural), gender (masculine, feminine, neuter), and case (subjective, objective, and possessive).

The inflectional categories used to group word-forms into paradigms cannot be chosen arbitrarily; they must be categories that are relevant to stating the syntactic rules of the language. For example, person and number are categories that can be used to define paradigms in English, because English has grammatical agreement rules that require the verb in a sentence to appear in an inflectional form that matches the person and number of the subject. In other words, the syntactic rules of English care about the difference between dog and dogs, because the choice between these two forms determines which form of the verb is to be used. In contrast, however, no syntactic rule of English cares about the difference between dog and dog-catcher, or dependent and independent.

The first two are just nouns, and the second two just adjectives, and they generally behave like any other noun or adjective behaves..

An important difference between inflection and word-formation is that inflected word-forms of lexemes are organized into paradigms, which are defined by the requirements of syntactic rules, whereas the rules of word-formation are not restricted by any corresponding requirements of syntax. Inflection is therefore said to be relevant to syntax, and word-formation is not. The part of morphology that covers the relationship between syntax and morphology is called morphosyntax, and it concerns itself with inflection and paradigms, but not with word-formation or compounding.

Список использованной литературы

1. Morphology is the field within linguistics that studies the internal structure of words. (Words as units in the lexicon are the subject matter of lexicology.) While words are generally accepted as being (with clitics) the smallest units of syntax, it is clear that in most (if not all) languages, words can be related to other words by rules. For example, English speakers recognize that the words dog, dogs, and dog-catcher are closely related. English speakers recognize these relations from their tacit knowledge of the rules of word-formation in English. They intuit that dog is to dogs as cat is to cats; similarly, dog is to dog-catcher as dish is to dishwasher. The rules understood by the speaker reflect specific patterns (or regularities) in the way words are formed from smaller units and how those smaller units interact in speech. In this way, morphology is the branch of linguistics that studies patterns of word-formation within and across languages, and attempts to formulate rules that model the knowledge of the speakers of those languages.

4 9
RUR 499

Книги для самоподготовки по теме "Morphological Categories." - Реферат

Dutch Contributions to the Eighth International Congress of Slavists
Dutch Contributions to the Eighth International Congress of Slavists
John Benjamins Publishing Company , 1979

ISBN 9027220107,9789027220103

A Reference Grammar of Russian
A Reference Grammar of Russian
Cambridge University Press , 2004

ISBN 0521772923,9780521772921

This textbook describes and systematizes all aspects of the grammar of Russian--including patterns of...
Studies in Slavic and General Linguistics
Studies in Slavic and General Linguistics
Editions Rodopi , 1987

ISBN 9062038506,9789062038503

Selected Writings
Selected Writings
Walter de Gruyter , 1985

ISBN 3110106175,9783110106176

Proceedings of the First International Conference on Manchu-Tungus Studies (Bonn, August 28-September 1, 2000): Trends in Tungusic and Siberian linguistics
Proceedings of the First International Conference on Manchu-Tungus Studies (Bonn, August 28-September 1, 2000): Trends in Tungusic and Siberian linguistics
Otto Harrassowitz Verlag , 2013

ISBN 3447046287,9783447046282

Balkansko ezikoznanie
Balkansko ezikoznanie
1986

ISBN

Статьи по теме для самостоятельной работы

Landslide buries entire village in China - DigitalJournal.com

Landslide buries entire village in China - DigitalJournal.com

According to officials and a press release that had been released by the village’s local government, the landslide had occurred as a result of a recent earthquake, the town’s sharp topography as well as bad soil composition. далее

Why brainstorming doesn't work – and how it might - TrainingZone.co.uk

Why brainstorming doesn't work – and how it might - TrainingZone.co.uk

The most widely used method for groups of people to generate ideas for solving problems or meeting open-ended challenges is Brainstorming. A conventional Brainstorm is a kind of verbal free-for-all where participants apply thinking by association to come up with ideas to solve a problem or challenge, and the ideas are listed on a flip-chart for all to see.  Provide or ask the group... далее

MRI Reliability in Classifying Thoracolumbar Fractures According to AO ... - Healio

MRI Reliability in Classifying Thoracolumbar Fractures According to AO ... - Healio

They conducted a retrospective analysis of a prospective recruited cohort of patients using radiographs and magnetic resonance images with fat saturation sequences to classify 37 traumatic vertebral fractures. Five spine surgeons, 2 orthopedic residents, 2 musculoskeletal radiologists, and 2 radiodiagnosis residents classified the morphological pattern of each fracture per AO classification in... далее







Карта : А Б В Г Д Е Ё Ж З И К Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Наверх