Помощь студентам, абитуриентам и школьникам.

Консультации и учебные материалы для разработки диссертации, дипломной работы ,курсовой работы, контрольной работы, реферата, отчета по практике, чертежа, эссе и любого другого вида студенческих работ.

Не успеваешь написать работу? Поможем!

Пример: Курсовая работа
Small businesses in Russia

ВУЗ, город:


Предмет: Английский язык

Курсовая работа по теме:

Small businesses in Russia

Страниц: 26

Автор: Юлия

2010 год

4 93
RUR 1490
Это только выдержка из работы

Рекомендуем посмотреть похожие работы:

  1. Market of Box Type Woven РР Bags (Дипломная работа, 2010)

    ... in the Russian market of woven polypropylene (PP) box type bags; the majority of ... market of woven polypropylene (PP) box type bags is facilitated by the following factors:  Emergence of Russian producers of woven polypropylene (PP) box type bags ...

  2. Youth and their problems in contemporary England (Курсовая работа, 2009)

    ... human lives. It is the period when young people can be carefree without the burden ... of the high unemployment levels and social difficulties, than adults. The link ... that youth itself is a problem but it is better and more fruitful to see young people ...

  3. Russia (на английском языке) (Дипломная работа, 2010)

    ... of the research was to determine ways of economic development of Russia in the ... from the crisis and will lead to higher level of economic relations with ... Project VAR - Vector Autoregressive model ECM - error-correction model SAM - social accounting ...

  4. Slang in mass media (Курсовая работа, 2010)

  5. Иностранный язык (для экономистов и менеджеров), 9 заданий по 12 тестовых вопроса (Контрольная работа, 2013)

  6. Modernity and Tradition in conflict in World Heritage Sites Case Study of Gazprom Okhta Centre in Saint Petersburg (Дипломная работа, 2009)

  7. National Holidays in the USA (Курсовая работа, 2010)


Introduction 3

1.The role of small businesses in Russia 5

2.Effectiveness and efficiency of small businesses 9

3.Problems and obstacles of small businesses 12

4. Government policy for small businesses development in Russia 19

Conclusions 24

References 26



A successful post-communist economic restructuring in Russia is driven by growth of private firms, which make up for the contraction of output of traditional enterprises. The shares of employment and output of the latter invariably decline as a result of correction of structural distortions left by central planning, closures of enterprises unable to sustain themselves under market conditions, disorganization of exceedingly complex and often unsustainable inter-enterprise links, and the possibility to divert inputs from the state-owned sector of the economy in search of higher return. These processes result in the transitional recession. The economy recovers when the nascent private sector picks up and becomes an engine of the subsequent economic growth (see e.g. Murrell, 1992). Vigorous development of the private sector shortens the recession, speeds up recovery, and reduces the social costs of transition by creating new jobs and generating market income for the labor released from traditional firms.

The most dynamic and vibrant part of the newly emerging private sector are small and medium enterprises. They are the first to respond to market signals and fill numerous niches left by the central planning, notorious for its rigidity and lack of attention to consumer demand. At the same time, small and medium firms give a natural outlet for heretofore suppressed entrepreneurial energy.

Smaller firms usually can be created with limited resources, and in particular with minimal start-up capital This is an important factor, given the lack of private wealth at early stages of transition, and reluctance of potential lenders to extend large loans to borrowers with no track records. Finally, small businesses form a natural constituency for the competitive market economy, and also contribute to the formation of a middle class which stabilizes the society and serves as a bulwark against political extremism. Therefore the SME sector could play an important and positive political role in the post-communist transition. That’s why the theme of this paper is acute..

The major goal of the paper is to determine the role and perspectives for small businesses in Russia.

Список использованной литературы

1.Afanasieva, Т., V. Lazarev, and Т. Pudenko. Support to Small Businesses in Russia: A New Technology of Program Development. (In Russian). Entrepreneurship in Russia, 2008, No 4, pp. 45-52.

2.Aslund, A. Observation of the Development of small Private Enterprises in Russia. Post-Soviet Geography, v. 38, 2007.

3.Bardhan, P. Corruption and Development: A Review of Issues. Journal of Economic Literature, v. 35, n 3, 2007, pp. 1320—1346.

4.Barkhatova, N. Russian Small Business, Authorities and State. Europe-Asia Studies, v. 52, pp. 657-676, 2000.

5.Bukhvald, E., and A. Vilensky. Russian Model of Interaction of Small and Large Entrepreneurship. (In Russian). Voprosy Ekonomiki, No. 12, 2009, pp. 66-78.

6.Commander, S., Kollo, J., Ugaz, G, and B. Vilagi. Hungary. In: Unemployment, Restructuring, and the Labor Market in Eastern Europe and Russia. Washington, D.C., The World Bank, 2005, pp. 1-38.

7.Dolgopyatova, T. Institutional Development of the Small Business Sector in the Russian Economy. (In Russian). Economics in Modern Russia, No. 3, 2009, pp. 49-63.

8.Frey, Т., and A. Shleifer. The Invisible Hand and the Grabbing Hand. American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, v. 87, n 3, 2007, pp. 354-358.

9.Gaddy, G, and B.W. Ickes. To Restructure or Not to Restructure: Informal Activities and Enterprise Behavior in Transition. Mimeo, 2008a.

10.Gaddy, G, and B.W. Ickes. Beyond a Bailout: Time to Face Reality About Russia's Foreign Affairs, 2008b.

11.Glisin, F., and S. Rogachevskaya. Main Trends In Actual and Expected Commercial Activities of Small Businesses in Industry, Construction, and Retail Trade. (In Russian). Voprosy Statistiki, No. 7, 2008, pp. 24-39.

12.Gurova, Т., N. Kirichenko, D. Medovnikov, A. Privalov. Most Important Problems of the Russian Business: Who Is Going to Solve Them? (In Russian). Ekspert, No 42, 2009, pp. 23-28.

13.Impediments to Small Business Development in the Russian Federation. Mimeo, 2009.

14.Informal Sector in the Russian Economy (in Russian). Institute for Strategic Analysis and Entrepreneurship, Moscow, 2008.

15.Johnson, S., D. Kaufman and A. Shleifer. The Unofficial Economy in Transition. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, v. 1,2008.

16.Kostin, A. Choice After Elections. (In Russian), hvestia, January 28, 2000.

17.Murrell, P. Evolution in Economics and in the Economic Reform of the Centrally Planned Economies. In: The Emergence of Market Economies in Eastern Europe. Cambridge, Blackwell, 2002.

18.Olson, M. The Logic of Collective Actions. Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1965. Olson, M. The Rise and Decline of Nations. New Haven, Yale University Press, 1982.

19.Polishchuk, L. Russian Federalism: Economic Reform and Political Behavior. California Institute of Technology, WP 972,2006.

20. Radaev, V. Small Business and Problems of Business Ethics: Hopes and Realities. (In Russian). Voprosy Ekonomiki, 2006, No. 7, pp. 79-81.

21.Smirnov, S. Small Entrepreneurship: Public Support and Assistance in Development. (In Russian). Moscow, Kontur Press, 2009.

3 87
RUR 1490

Книги для самоподготовки по теме "Small businesses in Russia " - Курсовая работа

Модернизация России
Модернизация России
Гавров Сергей , 2013

ISBN 5870551161,9785870551166

The Proverbial Pied Piper
The Proverbial Pied Piper
Peter Lang Pub Incorporated , 2009

ISBN 143310489X,9781433104893

With more than one hundred-fifty books and three hundred published articles on proverb studies that have...
Руссиян бусинесс--хисторий анд ренаиссансе
Руссиян бусинесс--хисторий анд ренаиссансе
Русское Деловое Агентство , 1997

ISBN 5900349039,9785900349039

Интернатионал релальтионс
Интернатионал релальтионс


Финансирование и кредитование малого бизнеса в России: правовые аспекты
Финансирование и кредитование малого бизнеса в России: правовые аспекты
Волтерс Клувер Руссия , 2013

ISBN 5466001570,9785466001570

Colloquial Russian 2
Colloquial Russian 2
Routledge , 2012

ISBN 0415261163,9780415261166

Colloquial Russian 2 is the ideal way to refresh your knowledge of the language and to extend your skills....

Статьи по теме для самостоятельной работы

Dmitry Medvedev tells Davos fears for Russia's stability are unfounded - The Guardian

Dmitry Medvedev tells Davos fears for Russia's stability are unfounded - The Guardian

A session on Russia at the annual World Economic Forum in Davos on Wednesday heard that the Russian Federation faces several negative scenarios, including the potential threat of civil unrest. A straw poll of WEF associates in the audience found nearly 80% saw better governance as Russia's biggest challenge. But the warning was dismissed by Medvedev, who was in the audience and tried to... далее

Latvia: Russia's playground for business, politics – and crime - The Guardian

Latvia: Russia's playground for business, politics – and crime - The Guardian

The Russian tycoon Leonid Rozhetskin was last seen alive in the pretty seaside town of Jurmala, on the Baltic coast of Latvia ........... далее

2013 promises new problems for tobacco companies - Russia Beyond The Headlines

2013 promises new problems for tobacco companies - Russia Beyond The Headlines

The provisions of the Ministry of Health's new law were first leaked to the Russian media in August 2011.......... далее

Russia to advance 'anti-gay' bill - gulfnews.com

Russia to advance 'anti-gay' bill - gulfnews.com

The Moscow authorities have roughly suppressed attempts to stage gay rights parades over the past seven years, which have also seen attacks by homophobic thugs. далее

Карта : А Б В Г Д Е Ё Ж З И К Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z