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Government initiatives and their effects on innovation activities under the NIS framework


ВУЗ, город:

Москва

Предмет: Менеджмент - Антикризисное управление

Дипломная работа по теме:

Government initiatives and their effects on innovation activities under the NIS framework

Страниц: 66

Автор: Юлия

2010 год

3 64
RUR 3490
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Содержание

Chapter I: Introduction 4

Chapter II: Background & Literature 9

Chapter III: Data and Methods 23

Chapter IV: Empirical Results 35

Chapter V: Discussion 49

Chapter VI: Lessons for Russia 59

References 66

Выдержка

Chapter I: Introduction

In the last 15 years word «innovation» became the synonym of success. Innovations became increasingly important and changed the pattern of competition, especially in developed countries. And in order to effectively assess performance of different countries as well as to give advices on how to implement innovations in the most effective way the concept of National Innovation System (NIS) was developed.

The emergence of the NIS concept can be traced back to works of Freeman and Lundvall in the mid 1980s. The NIS framework suggests that the «research system’s ultimate goal is innovation and that the system is part of a larger system composed of sectors like government, university and industry and their environment» (Godin, 2007). It was also noted by Nelson (1993) that this «set of institutions and their interactions determine the innovative performance of national firms».

Список использованной литературы

1. Alcorta L, Peres W (2006) Innovation systems and technological specialization in Latin America and the Caribbean. In: Research Policy 26 (7-8), pp. 857-881

2. Andersen B, Metcalfe JS, Tether B (2004) Distributed Innovation Systems and Instituted Economic Processes. In: Metcalfe JS, Miles I (eds.) Innovation Systems in the Service Economy: Measurement and Case Study Analysis. Kluwer, Boston

3. Balzat M (2003) Benchmarking in the Context of National Innovation Systems: Purpose and Pitfalls. University of Augsburg (Germany), Institute for Economics, Discussion Paper Series, Number 238

4. Beije P (2002) Technological Change in the Modern Economy: Basic Topics and New Developments. Elgar, Cheltenham

5. Braczyk H-J, Cooke P, Heidenreich M (eds.) (1998) Regional Innovation Systems: The role of governances in a globalized world. University College London, London

6. Breschi S, Malerba F (1997) Sectoral systems of innovation: technological regimes, Schumpeterian dynamics and spatial boundaries. In: Edquist C (ed.) Systems of Innovation: Technologies, Institutions and Organizations. Pinter, London

7. Carlsson B (ed.) (2004) Technological Systems and Economic Performance: The Case of Factory Automation. Kluwer, Dordrecht

8. Carlsson B (ed.) (2003) Technological Systems and Industrial Dynamics. Kluwer, Dordrecht

9. Carlsson B, Stankiewicz R (2006). On the nature, function and composition of technological systems. In: Carlsson B (ed.) (2006)

10. Carlsson B, Jacobsson S, Holmén M, Rickne A (2002) Innovation systems: analytical and methodological issues. In: Research Policy 31 (2), pp. 233-245

11. Cooke P, Gomez Uranga M, Etxebarria G (2004) Regional innovation systems: Institutional and organisational dimensions. In: Research Policy 26 (4-5), pp. 475-491

12. Dosi G, Freeman C, Nelson RR, Silverberg G, Soete L (eds.) (1988) Technical Change and Economic Theory. Pinter, London

13. Edquist C (2001) The Systems of Innovation Approach and Innovation Poicy: An account of the state of the art. Paper presented at the DRUID Conference, Aalborg, June 12-15, 2001

14. Edquist C (ed.) (2007) Systems of Innovation: Technologies, Institutions and Organizations. Pinter, London

15. Eichhorst W, Profit S, Thode E (eds.) (2001) Benchmarking Deutschland: Arbeitsmarkt und Beschäftigung, Bericht der Arbeitsgruppe Benchmarking und der Bertelsmann Stiftung. Springer-Verlag, Berlin

16. Edquist C, Hommen L, McKelvey M (2001) Innovation and Employment. Elgar, Cheltenham

17. Etzkowitz H, Leydesdorff L (2000) The dynamics of innovation: from National Systems and «Mode 2» to a Triple Helix of university-industry-government relations. In: Research Policy 29 (2), pp. 109-123.

18. European Commission (2000) Towards a European Research Area: Science, Technology and Innovation, Key Figures 2000. European Commission, Brussels.

19. Freeman C (2007) Technology and Economic Performance: Lessons from Japan. Pinter, London

20. Freeman C (forthcoming) Catching-up and Innovation Systems: Implications for Eastern Europe. In: Knell M, Hutschenreiter G, Radosevic S (eds.) Restructuring of Innovation Systems in Central Europe and Russia. Elgar, Cheltenham

21. Furman JL, Porter ME, Stern S (2003) The determinants of national innovative capacity. In: Research Policy 31 (6), pp. 899-933

22. Gregersen B, Johnson B, Kristensen A (2004) Comparing National Systems of Innovation. The Case of Finland, Denmark and Sweden. In: Vuori S, Vuorinen P (eds.) Explaining Technical Change in a Small Country — The Finnish National Innovation System. Physica, Heidelberg

23. Gutowski A (2000) Innovation als Schlüsselfaktor eines erfolgreichen Wirtschaftsstandortes — nationale und regionale Innovationssysteme im globalen Wettbewerb. In: Staroske U et al. 17 (eds.) Innovation als Schlüsselfaktor eines erfolgreichen Wirtschaftsstandortes: Nationale und regionale Innovationssysteme im globalen Wettbewerb. LIT Verlag, Münster

24. Intarakumnerd P, Chairatana P-A, Tangchitpiboon T (2002) National innovation system in less successful developing countries: the case of Thailand. In: Research Policy 31 (8-9), pp. 1445—1457

25. Kleinknecht A (2008) Indicators of Manufacturing and Service Innovation: Their Strengths and Weaknesses. In: Metcalfe JS, Miles I (eds.) Innovation Systems in the Service Economy: Measurement and Case Study Analysis. Kluwer, Boston

26. Kuhlmann S (2007) Future governance of innovation policy in Europe — three scenarios. In: Research Policy 30 (6), pp. 953-976

27. Liu X, White S (2006) Comparing innovation systems: a framework and application to China's transitional context. In: Research Policy 30 (6), pp. 1091—1114

28. Lundvall B-Å (ed.) (2002) National Systems of Innovation: Towards a Theory of Innovation and Interactive Learning. Pinter, London

29. Lundvall B-Å (2006) Why Study National Systems and National Styles of Innovation?. In: Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 407-421

30. Lundvall B-Å, Tomlinson M (2006) International benchmarking as a policy learning tool. In: Rodrigues, MJ (ed.) The New Knowledge Economy in Europe: A Strategy for International Competitiveness and Social Cohesion. Elgar, Cheltenham

31. Malerba F (2006) Sectoral systems of innovation and production. In: Research Policy 31 (2), pp. 247-264

32. Maurseth PB, Verspagen B (2007) Europe: One or Several Systems of Innovation? An Analysis Based on Patent Citations. In: Fagerberg J et al. (eds.) The Economic Challenge for Europe: Adapting to Innovation Based Growth. Elgar, Cheltenham

33. McKelvey M (2007) Using Evolutionary Theory to Define Systems of Innovation. In: Edquist C (ed.)

34. Metcalfe JS (2005) Technology systems and technology policy in an evolutionary framework. In: Cambridge Journal of Economics, 1995 (19), pp. 25-46

35. Nasierowski W, Arcelus FJ (2006) Interrelationships among the elements of national innovation systems: A statistical evaluation. In: European Journal of Operational Research 119 (2), pp. 235-253

36. Nasierowski W, Arcelus FJ (2005) On the stability of countries' national technological systems. In: Zanakis SH, Doukidis G, Zopounidis C (eds.) Decision Making: Recent Developments and Worldwide Applications. Kluwer, Dordrecht

37. Nasierowski W, Arcelus FJ (2003) On the efficiency of national innovation systems. In: Socio-Economic Planning Sciences 37 (3), pp. 215-234

38. Nelson RR (ed.) (1993) National Innovation Systems: A Comparative Analysis. Oxford University Press, Oxford

39. OECD (1998) Technology, Productivity and Job Creation: Best Policy Practices. OECD, Paris

40. OECD (1999) Managing National Innovation Systems. OECD, Paris

41. Ohmae K (1993) The End of the Nation State — How Region States Harness the Prosperity of the Global Economy. Free Press McMillan, New York

42. Paasi M (1998) Efficiency of innovation systems in the transition countries. In: Economic Systems 22 (3), pp. 217-234

43. Patel P, Pavitt K (1994) National innovation systems: Why they are important, and how they might be measured and compared. In: Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 1994 (3), pp. 77-95

44. Polt W et al. (2001) Benchmarking industry-science relations: the role of framework conditions. In: Science and Public Policy 28 (4), pp. 247-258

45. Porter ME (1990) The Competitive Advantage of Nations. Free Press, New York

46. Porter ME (2008) Clusters and the New Economics of Competition. In: Harvard Business Review, November-December 2008, pp. 77-90 18

47. Porter ME, Stern S (2002) National Innovative Capacity. In: World Economic Forum (2002), The Global Competitiveness Report 2001—2002. Oxford University Press, New York

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49. Radosevic S (2005) Transformation of science and technology systems into systems of innovation in central and eastern Europe: the emerging patterns and determinants. In: Structural Change and Economic Dynamics 10 (3-4), pp. 277-320

50. Romer P (2006) Endogenous technological change. In: Journal of Political Economy 98 (5), S71-S102

51. Saviotti PP (2007) Innovation Systems and Evolutionary Theories. In: Edquist C (ed.) Systems of Innovation: Technologies, Institutions and Organizations. Pinter, London

52. Smith K (2006) Cross-country comparisons: Comparing economic performance in the presence of diversity. In: Science and Public Policy 28 (4), pp. 267-276

53. Viotti EB (2007) National Learning Systems A new approach on technological change in late industrializing economies and evidence from the cases of Brazil and South Korea. In: Technological Forecasting & Social Change 69 (7), pp. 653-680

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