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Budget.What for do we need a budget? Do we need it at all?


ВУЗ, город:

Москва

Предмет: Финансы

Курсовая работа по теме:

Budget.What for do we need a budget? Do we need it at all?

Страниц: 10

Автор: Юлия

2010 год

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Это только выдержка из работы

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Содержание

Content:

Introduction — p.2.

Basis of the budget — p.3.

1. The budget process — p.3.

2. Budget types — p.3.

3. Сriticism of the current budgeting system — p.4.

4. Beyond Budgeting company and traditional budgeting company — p.4.

5. What are the advantages and drawbacks of the «fixed performance contract» in comparison with «traditional budget» — p.5.

Conclusion — p.8.

References — p.9.

Выдержка

Introduction.

The budget system provides the means to decide how much money to spend, what to spend it on, and how to raise the money they have decided to spend. Through the budget system, they determine the allocation of resources among the agencies of the Government. The budget system focuses primarily on dollars, but it also allocates other resources, such as Federal employment. The decisions made in the budget process affect the nation as a whole, State and local governments, and individuals. Many budget decisions have worldwide significance. The Government and the President enact budget decisions into law. The budget system ensures that these laws are carried out.

Within this work we`d like to provide an overview of the budget system and explains some of the more important budget concepts. The following section discusses the budget process and budget execution. The next section provides information on budget coverage, including a discussion of on-budget and off-budget amounts, functional classification, how budget data is arrayed, types of funds, and full cost budgeting, etc.

Список использованной литературы

References:

1. Bernardo, A., H. Cai and J. Luo (2001), «Capital Budgeting and Compensation with Asymmetric Information and Moral Hazard», Journal of Financial Economics, 61:311-344.

2. Cuoco, D. and H. Liu (2003), «An Analysis of VaR-based Capital Requiements», Wharton University Working Paper.

3. Darrough, M. and N. Stoughton (1989), «A Bargaining Approach to Profit Sharing in Joint Ventures», Journal of Business, 62:237-270.

4. DeLong, G. (2001), «Stockholder Gains from Focusing versus Diversifying Bank Mergers», Journal of Financial Economics, 59:221-252.

5. Diamond, D. and R. Rajan (2000), «A Theory of Bank Capital», Journal of Finance, 55:2431—2465.

6. Froot, K. and J. Stein (1998), «Risk Management, Capital Budgeting and Capital Structure Policy for Financial Institutions: An Integrated Approach», Journal of Financial Economics, 47:55-82.

7. Guesnerie, R. and J. — J. Laffont (1984), «A Complete Solution to a Class of Principal-agent Problems with an Application to the Control of a Self-managed Firm», Journal of Public Economics, 25:329-369.

8. Harris, M., C. Kriebel and A. Raviv (1982), «Asymmetric Information, Incentives, and Intrafirm Resource Allocation», Management Science, 28:604-620.

9. Harris, M. and A. Raviv (1996), «The Capital Budgeting Process, Incentives and Information», Journal of Finance, 51:1139—1174.

10. Houston, J., C. James and D. Marcus (1997), «Capital Market Frictions and the Role of Internal Capital Markets in Banking», Journal of Financial Economics, 46:135-164.

11. James, C. (1996), «RAROC Based Capital Budgeting and Performance Evaluation: A Case Study of Bank Capital Allocation», Working paper, Wharton Financial Institutions Center.

12. Jorion, P. (2001), Value at Risk: The New Benchmark for Controlling Market Risk, McGraw-Hill, New York, 2nd edition.

13. Kashyap, A., R. Rajan and J. Stein (2002), «Banks as Liquidity Providers: An Explanation for the Coexistence of Lending and Deposit-taking», Journal of Finance, 57:33-73.

14. Kimball, R. (1997), «Innovations in Performance Measurement in Banking», New England Economic Review, May/Jun: 23-38.

15. Lamont, O. (1997), «Cash Flow and Investment: Evidence from Internal Capital Markets», Journal of Finance, 52:83-109.

16. Maggi, G. and A. Rodriguez-Clare (1995), «On Countervailing Incentives», Journal of Economic Theory, 66:238-263.

17. Merton, R. and A. Perold (1993), «Theory of Risk Capital in Financial Firms», Journal of Applied Corporate Finance, 6:16-32.

18. Milbourn, T. and A. Thakor (1996), «Intrafirm Capital Allocation and Managerial Compensation», Working paper, London Business School.

19. Mirrlees, J. (1971), «An Exploration in the Theory of Optimum Income Taxation», Review of Economic Studies, 38:175-208.

20. Mookherjee, D. and S. Reichelstein (1992), «Dominant Strategy Implementation of Bayesian Incentive Compatible Allocation Rules», Journal of Economic Theory, 56:378-399.

21. Myerson, R. (1979), «Incentive Compatibility and the Bargaining Problem», Econometrica, 47:61-73.

22. Preinreich (1937), «Valuation and Amortization», The Accounting Review, 12:209-226.

23. Reichelstein, S. (1997), «Investment Decisions and Managerial Performance Evaluation», Review of Accounting Studies, 2:157-180.

24. Rogerson, W. (1997), «Intertemporal Cost Allocation and Managerial Investment Incentives: A Theory Explaining the Use of Economic Value Added as a Performance Measure», Journal of Political Economy, 105:770-795.

25. Spence, M. (1973), «Job Market Signalling», Quarterly Journal of Economics, 87:355-379.

26. Stein, J. C. (1997), «Internal Capital Markets and the Competition for Corporate Resources», Journal of Finance, 52:111-133.

27. Stulz, R. (2003), Risk Management and Derivatives, Southwestern Publishing.

28. http://www.faqs.org/sec-filings/091109/ALESCO-FINANCIAL-INC_10-Q/

3 11
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